Orthodontics Level 1

Course Description

Introduction of the course

This module on Orthodontics is a comprehensive course for the undergraduate BDS students to learn the basic theoretical & clinical aspects of the specialty.  In level 1, the introduction to orthodontic treatment, etiology and classification, instruments & appliances, preventive & interceptive orthodontic treatment options have been covered.

The objective of this course is to:

  • Understand Orthodontic specialty
  • Plan the treatment for orthodontic patients
  • Aid in Diagnosis & Treatment planning
  • Classifying Malocclusion
  • Identify the orthodontic Instruments & appliances
  • Prevent & Intercept malocclusion
  • Identify abnormal oral habits in growing children & correcting them

 Instructor: Dr. Ravneet kaur, MDS, Orthodontics.

                    Dr. Ritika, BDS


    Pre Quiz
    Normal Occlusion and Malocclusion
    1. The goal of modern orthodontics according to Profitt is “the creation of best possible occlusal relationship within the framework of acceptable facial aesthetics and stability of result”. Angle defined– occlusion as the normal relation of the occlusal inclined planes of the teeth when jaws are closed. This lecture is an Introduction to Andrews 6 keys to Normal Occlusion.

    Classification of Malocclusion
    1. This lecture will introduce the learner to malocclusion in a broad spectrum with emphasis on Angle's classification of malocclusion.

    Instruments in Orthodontics
    1. In this lecture, we will learn about various Instruments unique to Orthodontic specialty. The Instruments are classified according to their use:

      Banding Instruments

      Bonding Instruments

      Wire placement Instruments

      Wire Cutting Instruments

      Debonding Instruments

    Diagnostic Records in Orthodontics
    1. Record making appointment is usually the first step in Orthodontic treatment. Diagnostic records play an important role in Diagnosis & Treatment planning of the case.

      Essential diagnostic aids like OPG, Study models & Photographs will be discussed in this lecture.

    Oral Habits
    1. In this lecture, we will learn about the harmful habits that cause malocclusion. This will help dentists have a better understanding of when and how to treat abnormal habits.

      Learner will understand the

      • Etiology of abnormal habits  
      • Clinical features  
      • Habit breaking appliances

    Tongue thrusting Habit
    1. This chapter includes:

      • Causes of tongue thrust
      • Clinical features of tongue thrust habit
      • Types of tongue thrust habit
      • Treatment modality

    Thumb sucking Habit
    1.  Various causes of digit sucking habit will be discussed 

       Further, this chapter includes:

      • Clinical features of digit sucking habit
      • How to determine if the child is suffering from this habit

    Mouth breathers
    1. In this chapter, Learner will understand how mouth breathing occurs and how the swallowing pattern changes. Also, within this chapter there is detail description of intra oral and extra oral features of effects of mouth breathing.

    Lip biting
    1. We all develop habits to help release tension or deal with anxiety. Some of these habits, like finger tapping or knuckle popping, are harmless, while others can be problematic over time. Certain children and even adults develop a habit of chewing on their upper and/or lower lip. In times of stress, all this chewing can lead to wounds that are never given the chance to heal.

      In this chapter we will discuss:

      • Clinical features of Lip biting
      • Treatment modality.

    Correction of Oral Habits
    1. In this chapter, we will discuss various exercises and treatment modalities to correct abnormal habits.

    Removable appliances
    1. This chapter will introduce you to the classification of removable appliance system, limitations, and advantages of the removable appliance.

    Space maintainers
    1. space maintainer is an appliance that is custom-made by a dentist or orthodontist in acrylic or metal material. It can be either removable or cemented in a child's mouth. Its purpose is to keep the space open to allow the permanent tooth to erupt and come into place.Find out more about the types and uses through this lecture.

    Tray setup for Orthodontic Bracket Bonding
    1. The First procedure in Orthodontic treatment is the placement of brackets on teeth. Bracket placement plays a critical role in the success of orthodontic treatment. In this lecture, we will discuss the tray setup for bracket placement.

    Wire placement in Brackets
    1. After the brackets are placed on the teeth, the wire is placed in the brackets. In this lecture, we will see how the Orthodontic wire is placed on brackets.

    White spot lesions
    1. White spots occur if oral hygiene is not maintained, especially during orthodontic treatment with braces.

      This chapter will include:

      • Causes of white spots
      • Examination scale
      • Methods of correcting white spots

    Technique Of Wire Removal From Brackets
    Post Quiz